Some Additional Publications on Magnetotactic Bacteria

 Bellini, S., Su di un particolare comportamento di batteri dŇacqua dolce (About a particular behavior of freshwater bacteria), Institute of Microbiology, University of Pavia, Italy, 1963.

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Bellini, S., Ulteriori studi sui Ďbatteri magnetosensibiliË (Further studies on Ďmagnetosensitive bacteriaË), Institute of Microbiology, University of Pavia, Italy, 1963.

Original (in Italian): (

English Translation: (


Adamkiewicz,  V.W., A. Authier, S. Dumont, S. Garzon, S. Leduc, D. Morency, N. Nakhostin, H. Strykowski, A Simple Procedure for Enriching and Cultivating Magnetic Bacteria in Low Agar Medium. J. Microbiol. Methods 13, 255-258, 1991.

Amann, R., Rossello-Mora, R., Flies, C., Schčler, D., Phylogeny and in situ identificati on of magnetotactic bacteria. In: E. Baeuerlein (ed.), Biomineralization of Nano- and Microstructures. 2nd ed., Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2004.

Arakaki, A., Webb, J. & Matsunaga, T. A novel protein tightly bound to bacterial magnetite particles in Magnetospirillum magneticum strain AMB-1. J. Biol. Chem. 278, 8745-8750 (2003).

Arnoldi M, CM Kacher, E Baeuerlein, M Radmacher, M Fritz, Elastic properties of the cell wall of Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense investigated by atomic force microscopy. Appl. Phys. A 66, S613-S617, 1998.

Arnoldi M, M Fritz, E Baeuerlein, M Radmacher, E Sackmann, A Boulbitch, Bacterial turgor pressure can be measured by atomic force microscopy. Phys. Rev. E, 62,  1034-1044, 2000.

Baeuerlein, E, Biomineralization of unicellular organisms: an  unusual membrane biochemistry for the production of inorganic nano- and microstructures. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 42, 614-641, 2003.

Baeuerlein, E., Biomineralization: From Biology to Biotechnology and Medical Application. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2000.

Bahaj A.S., P.A.B. James, and F.D.Moeschler, An alternative method for the estimation of the magnetic moment of non-spherical magnetotactic bacteria. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics. 32, 5133-5135, 1996.

Balkwill, D. L., Maratea, D. & Blakemore, R. P. Ultrastructure of a magnetic spirillum. J. Bacteriol. 141, 1399-1408 (1980). (pdf)

Barber DJ, Scott ER. Origin of supposedly biogenic magnetite in the Martian meteorite Allan Hills 84001. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 99, 6556-6561 (2002)

Bazylinski DA, Blakemore RP (1983) Denitrification and assimilatory nitrate reduction in Aquaspirillum magnetotacticum. Appl Environ Microbiol 46:1118-1124

Bazylinski DA, Dean AJ, Williams TJ, Kimble-Long L, Middleton SL, Dubbels, BL (2004) Chemolithoautotrophy in the marine, magnetotactic bacterial strains MV-1 and MV-2. Arch Microbiol 182:373-387

Bazylinski DA, Moskowitz BM (1997) Microbial biomineralization of magnetic iron minerals: microbiology, magnetism, and environmental significance.  In: Banfield JF, Nealson KH (eds) Geomicrobiology: interactions between microbes and minerals (Rev Mineral Vol 35), Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, pp 181-223

Bazylinski, D. A. & Blakemore, R. P. Denitrification and assimilatory nitrate reduction in Aquaspirillum magnetotacticum. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 46, 1118-1124 (1983).

Bazylinski, D. A. & Blakemore, R. P. Nitrogen fixation (acetylene reduction) in Aquaspirillum magnetotacticum. Curr. Microbiol. 9, 305-308 (1983).

Bazylinski, D. A. & Moskowitz, B. M. Microbial biomineralization of magnetic iron minerals: microbiology, magnetism and environmental significance. Rev. Mineral. 35, 181-223 (1997).

Bazylinski, D. A., Dean, A. J., Schčler, D., Phillips, E. J. P. & Lovley, D. R. N2-dependent growth and nitrogenase activity in the metal-metabolizing bacteria, Geobacter and Magnetospirillum species. Applied Environ. Microbiol. 2, 266-273 (2000).

Bazylinski, D. A., Frankel, R. B. & Jannasch, H. W. Anaerobic production of magnetite by a marine magnetotactic bacterium. Nature 334, 518-519 (1988).

Bazylinski, D. A., Structure and function of the bacterial magnetosome. American Society for Microbiology News 61, 337-343, 1995.

Bazylinski, D.A., Synthesis of the bacterial magnetosome: the making of a magnetic personality. Int. Microbiol. 2, 71-80, 1999.

Berson, A. E., Peters, M. R. & Waleh, N. S. Cloning and characterization of the recA gene of Aquaspirillum magnetotacticum. Arch. Microbiol. 152, 567-571 (1989).

Berson, A. E., Peters, M. R. & Waleh, N. S. Nucleotide sequence of recA gene of Aquaspirillum magnetotacticum. Nucl. Acids Res. 18, 675 (1990).

Berson, A.E., Hudson, D.V., Waleh, N.S. Cloning of a sequence of Aquaspirillum magnetotacticum that complements the aroD gene of Escherichia coli. Mol. Microbiol. 5, 2261-2264 (1991).

Bertani, L. E., J.S. Huang, B.A. Weir, J.L. Kirschvink, Evidence for Two Types of Subunits in the Bacterioferritin of Magnetospirillum magnetotacticum, Gene 201, 31-36 (1997).

Bertani, L. E., Weko, J., Phillips, K. V., Gray, R. F., Kirschvink, J. L. Physical and genetic characterization of the genome of Magnetospirillum magnetotacticum strain MS-1. Gene 264, 257-263 (2001).

Bharde A, Wani A, Shouche Y, Joy PA, Prasad BLV, Sastry M. 2005. Bacterial aerobic synthesis of nanocrystalline magnetite. J Am Chem Soc 127:9326-9327.

Blakemore, R. P. Magnetotactic bacteria. Science 190, 377-379 (1975). (pdf)

Blakemore, R. P., Magnetotactic Bacteria. Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 36, 217-238 (1982).

Blakemore, R.P., D. Maratea, R.S. Wolfe, Isolation and Pure Culture of a Freshwater Magnetic Spirillum in Chemically Defined Medium. J. Bacteriol. 140, 720-729 (1979). (pdf)

Blakemore, R.P., N.A. Blakemore, D.A. Bazylinski, and T.T Moench, Magnetotactic Bacteria. in: Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Vol. 3, eds. M. P. Bryant, N. Pfennig, J. T. Staley (Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, 1989) pp. 1882-1888.

Burgess, J.G., R. Kawaguchi, T. Sakaguchi, R.H. Thornhill, T. Matsunaga, Evolutionary Relationships Among Magnetospirillum Strains Inferred from Phylogenetic Analysis of 16S-rRNA Sequnces. J. Bacteriol. 175, 6689-6694 (1993).

Calugay, R. J., Miyashita, H., Okamura, Y. & Matsunaga, T. Siderophore production by the magnetic bacterium Magnetospirillum magneticum AMB-1. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 218, 371-375 (2003).

Chang S-BR, Stolz JF, Kirschvink JL, Awramik SM. 1989. Biogenic magnetite in stromatolites. II. Occurrence in ancient sedimentary environments. Precamb. Res. 43:305-315.

Chang, S.-B. R. & Kirschvink, J. L. Magnetofossils, the magnetization of sediments, and the evolution of magnetite biomineralization. Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci. 17, 169-195 (1989).

Chemla, Y.R., H.L. Grossman, T.S. Lee, J. Clarke, M. Adamkiewicz, B.B. Buchanan, A new study of bacterial motion: superconducting quantum interference device microscopy of magnetotactic bacteria. Biophysics J., 76, 3323-3330, (1999).

Clemett, S.J., Thomas-Keprta,K.L., Shimmin, J., Morphew, M., J. R. Mcintosh, D. A. Bazylinski, J. L. Kirschvink, S.J. Wentworth, D.S. McKay, H. Vali, E.K. Gibson JR., & C.S. Romanek: Crystal morphology of MV-1 magnetite. American Mineralogist,87: 1727-1730, 2002.

Cox, B.L., Popa, R., Bazylinski, D. A., Lanoil, B., Douglas, S., Belz, A., Engler, D. L. & Nealson, K. H. Organization and elemental analysis of P-, S-, and Fe-rich inclusions in a population of freshwater magnetococci. Geomicrobiol. J. 19, 387-406 (2002).

Crocker J.C., and D.G.Grier, Methods of digital video microscopy for colloidal studies. J.Coll.Int.Sci.179, 298-310,1996.

Dean, A. J. & Bazylinski, D. A. Genome analysis of several magnetotactic bacterial strains using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Curr. Microbiol. 39, 219-225 (1999).

Diaz-Ricci JC, Woodford BJ, Kirschvink JL, Hoffman MR, Alteration of the magnetic properties of Aquaspirillum magnetotacticum by a pulse remagnetization technique. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57, 3248-3254 (1991).

Diaz-Ricci, J. C. & Kirschvink, J. L. Magnetic domain state and coercivity predictions for biogenic greigite (Fe3S4): a comparison of theory with magnetosome observations. J. Geophys. Res. 97, 17309-17315 (1992).

Dobeneck, T.v., N. Petersen, H. Vali, Bakterielle Magnetofossilien, Geowissenschaften in unserer Zeit 1, 27-35, 1987.

Dubbels, B.L., DiSpirito, A.A., Morton, J.D., Semrau, J.D., Neto, J.N. and Bazylinski, D.A., Evidence for a copper-dependent iron transport system in the marine, magnetotactic bacterium strain MV-1. Microbiology 150, 2931-2945, 2004.

Farina M, Kachar B, Lins U, Broderick R, Lins de Barros H. The observation of large magnetite (Fe3O4) crystals from magnetotactic bacteria by electron and atomic force microscopy. J. Microsc. 173, 1-8, 1994.

Farina, M., Esquivel, D. M. S. & Lins de Barros, H. G. P. Magnetic iron-sulphur crystals from a magnetotactic microorganism. Nature 343, 256-258 (1990).

Farina, M., H. Lins de Barros, D. Esquivel, J. Danon, Ultrastructure of a Magnetotactic Bacterium. Biol. Cell 48, 85-88 (1983).

Fassbinder, J.W.E., H. Stanjek, H. Vali, Occurrence of Magnetic Bacteria in Soil. Nature 343, 161-163 (1990).

Fernandez de Henestrosa, A.R., Cune, J., Mazon, G., Dubbels, B.L., Bazylinski, D.A. and Barbe, J., Characterization of a new LexA binding motif in the marine magnetotactic bacterium strain MC-1. J. Bacteriol. 185, 4471-4482, 2003.

Flies, C., Jonkers, H., deBeer, D., Bosselmann, K., Boettcher, M., Schčler, D., Diversity and vertical distribution of magnetotactic bacteria along chemical gradients in freshwater microcosms. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 52: 185-195, 2005.  

Flies, C., Peplies, J., Schčler, D., A combined approach for the characterization of uncultivated magnetotactic bacteria from various aquatic environments. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. In press, 2005.

Friedmann, E.I., J. Wierzchos, C. Ascaso, M. Winklhofer, Chains of magnetite crystals in the meteorite ALH84001: Evidence of biological origin, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci.(USA), 98(5): 2176-2181, 2001

Fritz, M., M. Radmacher, N. Petersen, H.E. Gaub, Visualization and identification of intracellular structures by force modulation microscopy and drug induced degradation, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B, 12, 1526--1529, 1994.

Fuetschik, K, Pfuetzner, H, Doblander A, Schonhuber, P, von Dobeneck, T, Petersen, N, Vali, H, Why not use magnetotactic bacteria for domain analysis. Phys. Scripta 40 (4): 518-521, 1989

Fukumori, Y., H. Oynagi, K. Yoshimatsu, Y. Noguchi, T. Fujiwara, Enzymatic Iron Oxidation and Reduction in Magnetite Synthesizing Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense. J. Phys. IV 7, 659-662 (1997).

Glasauer S, Langley S, Beveridge TJ. 2002. Intracellular iron minerals in a dissimilatory iron-reducing bacterium. Science 295:117-119.

Golden, D. C., Ming, D. W., Schwandt, C. S., Lauer, H. V. & Socki, R. A. A simple inorganic process for formation of carbonates, magnetite, and sulfides in Martian meteorite ALH84001. Amer. Mineral. 8, 370-375 (2001).

Gorby, Y. A., Beveridge, T. J. & Blakemore, R. P. Characterization of the bacterial magnetosome membrane. J. Bacteriol. 170, 834-841 (1988). (pdf)

Greenberg M, K Canter, I Mahler, A Thornheim, Observation of magnetoreceptive behavior in a multicellular, magnetotactic, prokaryote in higher than geomagnetic fields. Biophysical J. 88, 1496-1499, 2005.

Gruenberg, K., Mčller, E.C., Otto, A., Reszka, R., Linder, D., Kube, M., Reinhardt, R., Schčler, D., Biochemical and proteomic analysis of the magnetosome membrane in Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70, 1040-1050, 2004

Gruenberg, K., Wawer, C., Tebo, B. M., Schčler, D., A large gene cluster encoding several magnetosome proteins is conserved in different species of magnetotactic bacteria. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67, 4573-4582 (2001).

Guerin, W.F., R.P. Blakemore, Redox Cycling of Iron Supports Growth and Magnetite Synthesis of Aquaspirillum magnetotacticum. Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 58, 1102-1109 (1992).

Hanzlik M, Winklhofer M, Petersen N (2002) Pulsed-field-remanence measurements on individual magnetotactic bacteria, J Magn Magn Mater 248:258-267

Hanzlik, M., C. Heunemann, E. Holtkamp-Roetzler, M. Winklhofer, N. Petersen, G. Fleissner Superparamagnetic magnetite in the upper-beak tissue of homing pigeon, Biometals 13 (4): 325-331, 2000

Hanzlik, M., M. Winklhofer, N. Petersen, Pulsed-field-remanence measurements on individual magnetotactic bacteria, J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 248 (2), 258-267, 2002.

Hanzlik, M., M. Winklhofer, N. Petersen, Spatial Arrangement of Magnetosomes in Magnetotactic Bacteria, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 145. 125-134 (1996).

Hanzlik, M., N. Petersen, D.G. Weiss, M. Winklhofer, Magnetotactic bacteria as sensors for magnetic fields, Europ. J. Cell Biol. , 74, 38, S45, 1997.

Heyen, U., Schčler, D., Growth and magnetosome formation by microaerophilic Magnetospirillum strains in an oxygen-controlled fermentor. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 61:536-544, 2003

Hoell, A., Wiedenmann, U., Heyen, U., Schčler, D., Nanostructure and field-induced arrangement of magnetosomes studied by SANSPOL. Physica B 350, 309-313, 2004.

Iida A., J. Akai, TEM Study on Magnetotactic Bacteria and Contained Magnetite Grains as Biogenic Minerals, Mainly from Hokuriku-Niigata Region,Japan, Sci. Rep. Niigata Univ., Ser.E (Geology) 11, 43-66 (1996).

Kalmijn, A,J., Biophysics of Geomagnetic Field Detection. IEEE Trans. Magn. MAG-17, 1113-1124 (1981)

Kalmijn, A.J., R. P. Blakemore, The Behavior of Mud Bacteria. in: Animal Migration and Homing, eds. K. Schmidt-Koenig and W. T. Keeton (Springer Verlag, New York, 1978) 344-345.

Kawaguchi, R., Burgess, J. G., Sakaguchi, T., Takeyama, H., Thornhill, R. H. & Matsunaga, T. Phylogenetic analysis of a novel sulfate-reducing magnetic bacterium, RS-1, demonstrates its membership of the d-Proteobacteria. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 126, 277-282 (1995).

Keim, C.N., F. Abreu, U. Lins, H. Lins de Barros, M. Farina, Cell Organization and Ultrastructure of a Magnetotactic Multicellular Organism. J. Struct. Biol. 145, 254-262, 2004.

Kirschvink, J.L. & Hagadorn, J.W., A Grand Unified theory of Biomineralization. in BŐuerlein, E., ed., The Biomineralisation of Nano- and Micro-Structures, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany, 2000, pp. 139-149.

Kirschvink, J.L., 1982. Paleomagnetic evidence for fossil biogenic magnetite in western Crete. Earth Planet Sci Lett 59:388-392.

Kirschvink, J.L., D.S. Jones, B.J. MacFadden (eds), Magnetite Biomineralization and Magnetoreception in Organisms: a New Biomagnetism, (Plenum Press, New York, 1985) 682 pp.

Kirschvink, J.L., South-Seeking Magnetic Bacteria. J. Exp. Biol. 86, 345-347 (1980).

Kobayashi, A., Kirschvink, J.L., Nash, C. Z., Kopp, R. E., Sauer, D.A., Bertani, L.E., Voorhout, W.F., and Taguchi, T., Experimental Observation of Magnetosome Chain Collapse in Magnetotactic Bacteria: Sedimentological, paleomagnetic, and evolutionary implications, Earth & Planetary Science Letters 245, 538-550, 2006.

Komeili, A. (2007) Molecular mechanisms of magnetosome formation. Ann. Rev. Biochem. 76, 351-366.

Komeili A, Li Z, Newman DK, Jensen GJ. (2005) Magnetosomes are invaginations organized by the actin-like protein MamK. Science 311:242-245.

Komeili, A., H. Vali, T.J. Beveridge, D.K. Newman, Magnetosome vesicles are present prior to magnetite formation and MamA is required for their activation, Proc.Natl. Acad.Sci,  101(11):3839-3844, 2004.

Konhauser, K.O., Diversity of Bacterial Iron Mineralization, Earth-Science Reviews 43, 91-121 (1998).

Kopp, R.E., Weiss, B.P., Maloof, A.C., Vali H., Nash, C.Z. & Kirschvink, J.L., Chains, clumps, and strings: Magnetofossil taphonomy with ferromagnetic resonance spectroscopy, Earth & Planetary Science Letters 247, 10-25, 2006.

Kopp, R. E. and J. L. Kirschvink (2008). The identification and biogeochemical interpretation of fossil magnetotactic bacteria. Earth-Science Reviews 86, 42-61.

Kumar, N., W. Curtis, J. Hahm, Laterally aligned, multiwalled carbon nanotube growth using Magnetospirillum magnetotacticum. Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 173101-173103, 2005.

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Lins, U., B. Kachar, M. Farina, Imaging faces of shadowed magnetite (Fe(3)O(4)) crystals from magnetotactic bacteria with energy-filtering transmission electron microscopy. Microsc. Res. Tech., 46, 319-324, (1999).

Lins, U., F. Freitas, C.N. Keim, M. Farina, Electron spectroscopic imaging of magnetotactic bacteria: magnetosome morphology and diversity. Microsc. Microanal. 6, 463-470, 2000.

Lins, U., M. Farina, Amorphous mineral phases in magnetotactic multicellular aggregates. Arch. Microbiol. 176, 323-328, 2001.

Lins, U., M. Farina, Organization of cells in magnetotactic multicellular aggregates, Microbial Res. 154, 9-13, 1999.

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Mandernack, K.W., D.A. Bazylinski, W.C. Shanks III, T.D. Bullen, Oxygen and Iron Isotope Studies of Magnetite Produced by Magnetotactic Bacteria. Science 285, 1892-1896 (1999).

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Matsunaga, T., Genetic Analysis of Magnetic Bacteria, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 4, 287-289 (1997).

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Okamura, Y., Takeyama, H. & Matsunaga, T., A magnetosome specific GTPase from the magnetic bacterium Magnetospirillum magneticum AMB-1.J. Biol. Chem. 276, 48183-48188 (2001).

Okamura, Y., Takeyama, H., Sekine, T., Sakaguchi, T., Wahyudi, A. T., Sato, R., Kamiya, S. & Matsunaga, T., Design and application of a new cryptic-plasmid-based shuttle vector for Magnetospirillum magneticum. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69, 4274-4277 (2003).

Okuda, Y. & Fukumori, Y., Expression and characterization of a magnetosome-associated protein, TPR-containing MAM22, in Escherichia coli. FEBS Lett. 491, 169-173 (2001).

Okuda, Y., Denda, K. & Fukumori, Y., Cloning and sequencing of a gene encoding a new member of the tetratricopeptide protein family from magnetosomes of Magnetospirillum magnetotacticum. Gene 171, 99-102 (1996).

Pan YX, Petersen N, Winklhofer M, Davila AF, Liu QS, Friedrichs T,  Hanzlich M, Zhu RX, Magnetic properties of uncultured magnetotactic bacteria. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 237, 311-325, 2005.

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Petersen, N., T.v. Dobeneck, H. Vali, Fossil bacterial magnetite in deep sea sediments from the South Atlantic Ocean, Nature 320, 611-615, 1986.

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